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Interdisciplinary CompetenceMolecular Diagnostics
Know how in the analysis of genetic material.
For the benefit of patients.

IllnessIntellectual deficit + small stature, differential diagnosis


Short information

Comprehensive differential diagnostic panel for Intellectual deficit + small stature comprising 18 and altogether 68 curated genes according to the clinical signs

Number of genes
24 Accredited laboratory test
Examined sequence length
49,2 kb (Core-/Core-canditate-Genes)
61,9 kb (Extended panel: incl. additional genes)
Analysis Duration
on request
  • EDTA-anticoagulated blood (3-5 ml)
Diagnostic indications




Gene panel

Selected genes

NameExon Length (bp)OMIM-GReferenz-Seq.Heredity
LZTR12523NM_006767.4AD, AR

Informations about the disease

Clinical Comment

Most children with short stature have average test scores for intelligence and behavior. Yet of >1100 genetic syndromes with short stature, two-thirds are associated with mental retardation. Genetic causes may account for an increased risk for children with short stature to have intellectual deficits. Prominent examples include Noonan syndrome, LEOPARD syndrome (Noonan syndrome with multiple lentigines) and craniofaciocutaneous syndrome as well as numerous even partly much rarer conditions. Most of the defined syndromes with symptoms of short stature and intellectual deficits are inherited autosomal dominantly, less frequently autosomal recessively. While the DNA diagnostic yield for Noonan syndrome is over 80%, it is lower for the other syndromes with the same combination of cardinal symptoms or virtually unknown for most true orphan diseases.

References: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1124/




  • Alias: Intellectual deficit + small stature
  • Alias: Intellectual disability + short stature
  • Alias: Psycho-motor retardation + short stature
  • Allelic: Adenocarcinoma of lung, somatic (BRAF)
  • Allelic: Arteriovenous malformation of the brain, somatic (KRAS)
  • Allelic: Autism susceptibility, XL 3 (MECP2)
  • Allelic: Bladder cancer, somatic (HRAS)
  • Allelic: Bladder cancer, somatic (KRAS)
  • Allelic: Breast cancer, somatic (KRAS)
  • Allelic: Breast cancer, susceptibility to (RAD51)
  • Allelic: Cardiomyopathy, dilated, 1NN (RAF1)
  • Allelic: Colorectal cancer, somatic (BRAF)
  • Allelic: Colorectal cancer, somatic (NRAS)
  • Allelic: Congenital myopathy with excess of muscle spindles (HRAS)
  • Allelic: Epidermal nevus, somatic (NRAS)
  • Allelic: Fibromatosis, gingival, 1 (SOS1)
  • Allelic: Gastric cancer, somatic (KRAS)
  • Allelic: Hyperphenylalaninemia, non-PKU mild (PAH)
  • Allelic: Infantile liver failure syndrome 2 (NBAS)
  • Allelic: Intellectual developmental disorder, XL 19 (RPS6KA3)
  • Allelic: Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (CBL)
  • Allelic: Leukemia, acute myeloid, somatic (KRAS)
  • Allelic: Leukemia, juvenile myelomonocytic (NF1)
  • Allelic: Leukemia, juvenile myelomonocytic, somatic (PTPN11)
  • Allelic: Lung cancer, somatic (KRAS)
  • Allelic: Melanocytic nevus syndrome, congenital, somatic (NRAS)
  • Allelic: Melanoma, malignant, somatic (BRAF)
  • Allelic: Melorheostosis, isolated, somatic mosaic (MAP2K1)
  • Allelic: Metachondromatosis (PTPN11)
  • Allelic: Mirror movements 2 (RAD51)
  • Allelic: Neurocutaneous melanosis, somatic (NRAS)
  • Allelic: Neurofibromatosis, familial spinal (NF1)
  • Allelic: Neurofibromatosis, type 1 (NF1)
  • Allelic: Nevus sebaceous or woolly hair nevus, somatic (HRAS)
  • Allelic: Nonsmall cell lung cancer, somatic (BRAF)
  • Allelic: Pancreatic carcinoma, somatic (KRAS)
  • Allelic: Pigmentary disorder, reticulate, with systemic manifestations, XL (POLA1)
  • Allelic: RAS-associated autoimmune leukoproliferative disorder (KRAS)
  • Allelic: RAS-associated autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome type IV, somatic (NRAS)
  • Allelic: Schwannomatosis-2, susceptibility to (LZTR1)
  • Allelic: Spitz nevus or nevus spilus, somatic (HRAS)
  • Allelic: Thyroid carcinoma, follicular, somatic (HRAS, NRAS)
  • Alzahrani-Kuwahara syndrome (SMG8)
  • Bloom syndrome (BLM)
  • Cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome (BRAF)
  • Cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome 2 (KRAS)
  • Cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome 3 (MAP2K1)
  • Cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome 4 (MAP2K2)
  • Coffin-Lowry syndrome (RPS6KA3)
  • Congenital disorder of glycosylation, type IIj (COG4)
  • Costello syndrome (HRAS)
  • Developmental delay, short stature, dysmorphic facial features + sparse hair (DPH1)
  • Diamond-Blackfan anemia 21 (HEATR3)
  • Diets-Jongmans syndrome (KDM3B)
  • Encephalopathy, neonatal severe (MECP2)
  • Failure to thrive and developmental delay (CCDC186)
  • Fanconi anemia, complementation group P (SLX4)
  • Fanconi anemia, complementation group R (RAD51)
  • Floating-Harbor syndrome (SCAP)
  • Growth retardation with deafness and mental retardation due to IGF1 deficiency (IGF1)
  • Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 14 with/-out anosmia (WDR11)
  • ID, autistism, seizures, microcephaly, short stature, abnormal skeletal system [panelapp] (UBAP2L)
  • Immunodeficiency 23: ID, skeletal dysplasia, short stature, brachydactyly, facial features... (PGM3)
  • Insulin-like growth factor I, resistance to (IGF1R)
  • Intellectual developmental disorder, AD 23 (SETD5)
  • Intellectual developmental disorder, X-linked syndromic, Lubs type (MECP2)
  • Intellectual developmental disorder, XL, isolated growth hormone deficiency (SOX3)
  • Intellectual developmental disorder, XL, syndromic 13 (MECP2)
  • Intellectual developmental disorder, abnormal behavior, microcephaly + short stature (PUS7)
  • Intellectual developmental disorder, short stature + behavioral abnormalities (IQSEC1)
  • Intellectual developmental disorder, short stature, facial anomalies + speech defects (FBXL3)
  • Intellectual developmental disorder, short stature, variable skeletal anomalies (WIPI2)
  • KBG syndrome (ANKRD11)
  • Koolen-De Vries syndrome (KANSL1)
  • LEOPARD syndrome 1 (PTPN11)
  • LEOPARD syndrome 2 (RAF1)
  • LEOPARD syndrome 3 (BRAF)
  • Leukodystrophy, hypomyelinating, 26, with chondrodysplasia (SLC35B)
  • Menke-Hennekam syndrome 1 (CREBBP)
  • Microcephaly and chorioretinopathy, AR, 2 (PLK4)
  • Microcephaly, short stature + impaired glucose metabolism 1 (TRMT10A)
  • Microcephaly, short stature + impaired glucose metabolism 2 (PPP1R15B)
  • Microcephaly, short stature + limb abnormalities (DONSON)
  • Microcephaly, short stature, polymicrogyria + seizures (RTTN)
  • Microcephaly-micromelia syndrome (DONSON)
  • Mosaic variegated aneuploidy syndrome 2 (CEP57)
  • Neurodevelopmental disorder with cataracts, poor growth, dysmorphic facies (INTS1)
  • Neurodevelopmental disorder with microcephaly, movement abnormalities, seizures (CHKA)
  • Neurodevelopmental disorder with microcephaly, seizures, neonatal cholestasis (VPS50)
  • Neurodevelopmental disorder with microcephaly, short stature, speech delay (TRAPPC10)
  • Neurodevelopmental disorder with poor growth, large ears, dysmorphic facies (ZNF668)
  • Neurodevelopmental disorder with severe motor impairment + absent language (DHX30)
  • Neurodevelopmental disorder, dysmorphic facies, sleep disturbance + brain abnormalities (KAT5)
  • Neurodevelopmental disorder, multiple congenital abnormalities [panelapp] (FOXP4)
  • Neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome (NF1)
  • Noonan syndrome 1 (PTPN11)
  • Noonan syndrome 10 (LZTR1)
  • Noonan syndrome 11 (MRAS)
  • Noonan syndrome 12 (RRAS2)
  • Noonan syndrome 14 (SPRED2)
  • Noonan syndrome 2 (LZTR1)
  • Noonan syndrome 3 (KRAS)
  • Noonan syndrome 4 (SOS1)
  • Noonan syndrome 5 (RAF1)
  • Noonan syndrome 6 (NRAS)
  • Noonan syndrome 7 (BRAF)
  • Noonan syndrome 8 (RIT1)
  • Noonan syndrome 9 (SOS2)
  • Noonan syndrome-like disorder with loose anagen hair 2 (PPP1CB)
  • Noonan syndrome-like disorder with/-out juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (CBL)
  • Noonan syndrome-like with loose anagen hair 1 (SHOC2)
  • Oculoectodermal syndrome, somatic (KRAS)
  • Panhypopituitarism, XL (SOX3)
  • Phenylketonuria (PAH)
  • Rett syndrome (MECP2)
  • Rett syndrome, atypical (MECP2)
  • Rett syndrome, preserved speech variant (MECP2)
  • Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome 1 (CREBBP)
  • Saul-Wilson syndrome (COG4)
  • Schimmelpenning-Feuerstein-Mims syndrome, somatic mosaic (HRAS, KRAS, NRAS)
  • Short stature, brachydactyly, intellectual developmental disability + seizures (PRMT7)
  • Short stature, developmental delay + congenital heart defects (TKT)
  • Short stature, macrocephaly, ID + autism spectrum disorder [panelapp] (RHEB)
  • Short stature, optic nerve atrophy + Pelger-Huet anomaly (NBAS)
  • Short stature, rhizomelic, with microcephaly, micrognathia + developmental delay (ARCN1)
  • Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (DHCR7)
  • Syndromic intellectual disability, short stature [panelapp] (RAP1B)
  • Van Esch-O'Driscoll syndrome (POLA1)
  • Watson syndrome (NF1)
Heredity, heredity patterns etc.
  • AD
  • AR
  • XL
  • Multiple OMIM-Ps
ICD10 Code

Bioinformatics and clinical interpretation

No text defined